Creating globally compliant privacy policies can be overwhelming, especially if you’re not a lawyer. Read on to learn more about website privacy policies and the easiest and cheapest way to stay compliant.
Because privacy law violations can extend into millions of dollars, depending on the breadth of the violation, it behooves website owners to create and update their privacy policies.
The United States does not have a comprehensive privacy law, but certain states do. There are also federal laws governing data protection in limited situations:
- COPPA: The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule (COPPA) regards data collection for people under 13.
- ECPA: The Electronic Communications Privacy Act regulates how the government can access electronic communications, such as wiretaps on phone calls and other forms of surveillance.
- FCRA: The Fair Credit Reporting Act governs who can see a credit report, as well as what kind of information credit bureaus can collect and information collection processes.
- FERPA: Student educational records are protected by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
- FTC Act: If websites or apps violate their own privacy policies, the Federal Trade Commission Act lets the FTC discipline them.
- GLBA: If you’re in a financial business, the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act requires you to disclose how you share data and detail the consumer’s right to opt out.
- HIPAA: When you’re working in the healthcare industry, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act protects individuals’ health data when used by covered entities, including doctors and hospitals.
- VPPA: The Video Privacy Protection Act was originally passed to prevent the disclosure of VHS rental records but its broad wording has kept it relevant even in the age of video streaming.